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Innovation in PPE - public goods in weather & climate
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Innovation in PPE - public goods in weather & climate

Most member organisations of the WMO, i.e. the National Meteorological and Hydrometeorological Services (NHMS), are public organizations. Despite this seemingly common point of departure the portfolios of services provided are by no means equally public, neither when comparing different NHMSs, nor when comparing services of one NHMS. Furthermore, in various countries private meteorological services operate alongside the NHMS with partly overlapping service portfolios and in other countries strict complementarity is the guiding principle. Moreover, some sub-sets of meteorological services, such as for international aviation and shipping, are not tied to national territories. Last, but not least, a significant part of the input to these services comes from international cooperative agencies and frameworks, such as ECMWF and GFCS.

For a host of reasons the resulting meteorological service portfolios have a quite diverse character in terms of public access, pricing, resourcing, and rights for re-use. The current surge in the development of climate services and early warning systems, as well as the broadening scope and capabilities of alternative observation and service delivery technologies pose new and renewed questions to NHMSs regarding the public status of these services. For example, the design and delivery of many climate services require elaborate forms of collaboration, often blurring distinctions between providers and users. Combinations of impact-based forecasting, nowcasting, and early warning systems face interesting choices on combing input options regarding different observational technologies.

The indicated choices on collaboration, observational inputs, and aspired type of service-product will be guided or limited by interpretations of what is an appropriate or admissible public good. However, many NHMSs do not have the knowledge regarding the maneuvering space within public good definitions and their consequences for public access, pricing, resourcing, and rights for re-use. This webinar will shed light on the concept of a public good, its variations and the consequences of choices regarding market organization and status of NHMSs for public access, pricing, resourcing, rights for re-use, and pace of service innovation. The theoretical explanations will be combined with references to concrete services and solutions.

  • Introducer: Dimitar Ivanov (WMO PPE)
  • Moderator: Boram Lee (WMO PPE)

Prof. Adriaan Perrels - Research Professor - Finnish Meteorological Institute

Gerald van der Grijn - Head of Meteorological Consultancy, Professional Services Department, DTN

Prof. Adriaan Perrels

Prof. Adriaan Perrels

Research Professor - Finnish Meteorological Institute

Adriaan Perrels (PhD environmental economics) works in the Finnish Meteorological Institute as Research Professor, studying the economic consequences of climate change and the valuation of weather and climate services.

Throughout his research career in the Netherlands and Finland his work area clustered around energy economics, infrastructure economics and environmental economics, involving both model-based explorative studies, as well as ex-ante and ex-post policy evaluations.

Since the mid-nineties evaluation of climate policy took a growing share of the pie. The last 11 years he focused ever more on climate change impacts and adaptation in Finland, Europe and Globally. Among his 200+ publications are over 40 peer reviewed articles and books.

Gerald van der Grijn

Gerald van der Grijn

Head of Meteorological Consultancy, Professional Services Department, DTN

Gerald van der Grijn (MSc Meteorology) is Head of Meteorological Consultancy within the Professional Services department of DTN. In this role, Gerald is responsible for delivering bespoke solutions to various industries like, amongst others, Energy, Transport, Agriculture and Shipping.

Throughout his career, he has been involved in the development of applications for tackling real-world problems. Examples range from decision support tools for managing weather related electrical faults in overhead power lines to automated observation quality control algorithms for WMO compliant weather stations.

His experience in the private, commercial weather service industry is complemented with good knowledge of the public sector due to his time at ECMWF where he worked as a consultant for 7 years.

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