InterMET Session 1
11:30 - 13:00
CHAIR: Michael Wilton, General Manager, MMI Asia
The latest technology & service innovations from the Global Weather Enterprise which can help weather affected enterprises increase business efficiency.
- Mark Harvey, CEO and Founder, Resurgence
Title: Chiang Mai: Refining City Information Ecosystem Mapping (IEM) to Create Inclusive Weather and Climate Information Services (WCIS) and Early Warning Systems (EWS).
Abstract: How can dynamic information ecosystem mapping (IEM) approaches be applied to engage city stakeholders and, above all, vulnerable communities in the development of effective early warning systems for flood risk management?
This study explored how critical design practices in disaster risk management can be integrated with an urban information ecosystem mapping technique (one of the key elements of our co-production approach we have developed in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam) to diagnose the weather and climate information needs of a city. The IEM tool, in particular, is a specific technical innovation that uses natural systems-based approaches to understand the way information flows dynamically amongst people and institutions, through various channels, and in various formats.
Through our participation at the Understanding Risk: Chiang Mai Field Lab interdisciplinary unconference (organised by Co-Risk Labs and World Bank GFDRR) in Chiang Mai last June 2019, we worked together with various hydromet and risk reduction professionals around the world and local organisations such as FOPDEV and Oasys Lab to collaborate and produce a skeletal information ecosystem mapping. By focusing on the city of Chiang Mai, the two-week research was able to pilot a community mapping methodology based on a chosen community close to the Ping River, and experiences annual flooding causing health issues, damage to property and disrupting travel.
The IEM mapping produced can help ascertain how weather and climate information is communicated, the types of user groups it reaches, and how the available information is processed and adapted for day-to-day decision-making. The type of information generated from an IEM can inform how organisations which supply the city of Chiang Mai with essential services, can address the needs of its locality. It can also present an opportunity for the Thailand Meteorological Department, disaster management authorities and public utilities to improve their capacity to anticipate and prepare for a range of climate hazards and extreme weather events to enable them to disseminate an effective weather forecast. Weather information produced and communicated based on IEM research is more likely to be relevant, timely, locally accurate and used to inform decision making. This can, therefore, lead to an integrated resilience planning that can reduce the impact of climate and weather-related shocks on the day-to-day life of its communities and stakeholders.
- Richard Fellner, CEO, nowcast GmbH
Title: How to mitigate the business impact of thunderstorms
Abstract: Disaster related to weather and climate kills thousands every year and causes billions of US$ losses. The majority of severe weather warnings are attributed to thunderstorms.
High precision lightning data helps to mitigate those risks and can protect lives and assets and are a perfect enabler for increasing operational efficiency and financial performance.
Just to mention a few examples: airports can maximize safety and reduce the time for shutting down an airport. Infrastructure companies correlate the thunderstorm information with the operational data to reduce outages and optimize service processes. Claim handling can be improved significantly.
Himanshu Mishra, Editor (Government Affairs), Department), New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV)
Title: Climate Change, SDGs and a Climate-Smart Development Agenda: Targets and Challenges for India.~
Abstract: Climate Change is significantly altering the broad contours of global climate. As the global climate crisis deepens, a significant gap remains between the national commitments made at Paris Climate Agreement (2015) and the emission reductions required to contain climate change. The United Nations has called for a three- to five-hold increase in global efforts to contain climate change to a 1.5 degree Celsius rise at the most. It has alerted that if urgent steps were not initiated by the global community, the world faces at least a 3-degrees Celsius of global heating by the end of this century.
These alarming changes in global climate are triggering abnormal changes in weather patterns, leading to a rise in climate-related disasters. In a research study titled “The human cost of natural disasters: A global perspective” (2015), the UNDRR and Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters found the climate-related disaster events like floods, storms and heat-waves more than doubled from 3,017 events recorded between 1976 and 1995 to 6,392 events recorded during the subsequent two decades between 1996 and 2015. The two consecutive years of devastating floods in Kerala in 2018 and 2019 is broadly reflective of the gradual increase in frequency and intensity of extreme weather events in India.
Objective: The formulation of United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September, 2015 marked a watershed in the global effort to combat the challenges posed by climate change and disasters. It is significant to note that 10 of the 17 SDGs and 25 of the 169 targets identified under SDGs are related to disaster risk reduction. This Paper attempts to critically analyze the challenges and policy bottlenecks India faces towards achieving its SDG-related targets by 2030. It also studies the commitments made by India in its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted before the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which includes a reduction in the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33-35% by 2030 from the 2005 level.
Problem Statement: India has initiated several measures to achieve its SDG-related goals and UNFCCC targets by restructuring its policies in several critical industrial sectors like transport, power, coal, telecom and steel to reduce carbon emissions. But a significant gap remains between the national commitments India has made and the emission reductions required to achieve the required targets. This Paper essentially seeks to analyze the challenges and roadblocks India faces towards achieving these targets by 2030, including the difficult task of mobilizing US $ 2.5 trillion to fund them.
Ari Davidov, Director of International Government Sales, Tomorrow.io
Title: Developing the First Operational Global Satellite Constellation of Precipitation Radars and Microwave Sounders to Enable a Modular Technical Support Solution for NMHS Multi-Hazard Impact-Based Forecast and Warning Services.
Abstract: Weather radar is one of the most important tools to track precipitation and provide short-term forecasts and warnings. However, the coverage of ground-based weather radar is limited, with roughly 5 billion people worldwide living outside of radar coverage. This limits the ability to provide reliable forecasts not just in those areas without radar coverage, but also everywhere else, because all local forecasts depend on global data.
Tomorrow.io, a weather forecasting and climate security company, is launching starting later this year a constellation of miniaturized Ka-band radar satellites and microwave sounders to provide global coverage of precipitation with an average revisit time of one hour for any given location. This first-of-its-kind constellation builds on the heritage of NASA's GPM, TRMM and RainCube satellites, leveraging advances in small satellite and sensor technologies to affordably field a constellation of precipitation radars and microwave sounders providing equal coverage across the developed and developing worlds, with the temporal resolution needed for operational applications.
The dramatic increase in precipitation data, ranked by the U.S. Group on Earth Observations as the highest priority Earth observation out of 152 parameters, will enable reliable forecasts of precipitation and extreme weather to help countries, businesses, and individuals mitigate the growing physical and financial impacts of extreme weather and climate change. This live presentation will provide a high-level view of mission objectives; calibration and validation activities; expected improvements in forecasts of extreme weather such as floods, hurricanes and drought; and applications in climate studies.
Tomorrow.io presents a fully integrated sensing, data assimilation, forecast modeling, alerting and decision support tools, supported by a global team of expert scientists and engineers, deliver high-value weather, climate, air quality, water data and products to enable NMHS mandated service delivery to government stakeholders ranging from disaster management agencies to vital economic sectors. On top of industry standard hydromet capabilities, Tomorrow.io helps equip NMHSs with innovative remote sensing and modern data architecture, resulting in scalable and cost-effective solutions, serving the technical capacity and sustainability needs of advanced, modernizing, and developing NMHS.